Mars, Yuty crater with fluidised ejecta, Viking Orbiter, June 1978

Mars, Yuty crater with fluidised ejecta, Viking Orbiter, June 1978


Vintage gelatin silver print, 20.2 x 25.4 cm

[Caption] Viking 1 photographed the crater Yuty, located near the spacecraft's potential landing site, from a range of 1877 kilometres (1165 miles) on June 22. Yuty, 18 kilometres (11 miles) in diameter, has a central peak and probably was made by the collision of a meteorite with the surface of Mars. The lobate flows are layers of broke rocks thrown out of the crater by the shock following impact. The leading edge of the debris flows forms a ridge similar to great avalanches on Earth. The whole area has been worn down by wind and possibly water erosion that accentuates surface detail. The rim of the Vabash crater, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) across, lies at the edge of the picture.

NASA's Viking Project found a place in history when it became the first U.S. mission to land a spacecraft safely on the surface of Mars and return images of the surface. Two identical spacecraft, each consisting of a lander and an orbiter, were built. Each orbiter-lander pair flew together and entered Mars orbit; the landers then separated and descended to the planet's surface.

Condition: mint

About the Viking missions here


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